The first one was establishing vocational colleges for girls and shopping for Lithuanian merchandise to help Lithuanian factories and promote national merchandise in the market. The second one was encouraging women-house employees to produce items of artwork, which had demand in the market at that time14. Yet, the LWC did not elevate any demands to the government, understanding the complicated situation of the state. The first women organization that aimed to help women was the Lithuanian Catholic Women Association , founded in 1908.
The Lithuanian Women Council , which was established in 1929, united 20 women organizations that represented democrats and social democrats. From its beginning the Council needed to remedy the issue of sustaining women in labour market. In 1931 the LWC offered the federal government with a memorandum the place it was required to ensure gender equity in the occasion of redundancy9. The authorities didn’t reply to the ladies’s memorandum, ignoring reasoned calls for of the women’s organizations. After the state takeover on December 16, 1926 President A. Smetona restricted democratic rights.
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After the takeover of the state in 1926, women were made to return to the household through social strain. Patriarchal relations were prevailing in Lithuania, which created a background to make women redundant disregarding their qualification and education lithuania woman. As women were not in a position to take part in the labour market beneath equal circumstances, they turned to learning.
600 dresses were donated by women in Lithuania, but also by women in other nations who had heard in regards to the initiative via social media. ‘Donate a Dress’ days are now supported by make-up artists, hairdressers, and photographers alike, who contribute with their providers to the charitable event. The aims of the examine are to determine the Lithuanian inhabitants’s attitudes towards gender roles in the household and society, and to disclose Lithuanian’s opinions about the situation of girls in Lithuania. The problem of employment in Lithuanian labour market emerged within the 1920s.
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« One of the possible reasons is that ladies, traditionally, really feel stronger accountability for kids, family, house, thus, they are much less picky and agree to take a lower place »19, ponders Babianskiene. Purvaneckiene, adds that Lithuanian men still live in a patriarchal spirit.
In 1922 a union of catholic organizations known as Lithuanian Catholic Women Highest Secretariat was established. Its aim was not only to unite organizations, but also to coordinate the activity of catholic women. In 1929 it organized lectures on family management and struggle in opposition to social evils.
Even on this sector women’s workplaces were occupied by men as a result of schools of agriculture provided girls with coaching just for home tasks. In 1940 the government didn’t move any regulations regarding labour law. The independence of the state was re-established on March eleven, 1990. She advised several options to the problem of ladies’s unemployment.
The variety of women college students at Vytautas Magnus University was a lot greater than the considered one of men already in the 1930s. Women’s involvement in University research made the situation within the labour market milder. Sociological researches carried out in the course of the second Republic indicate that men usually are not willing to cross the leading positions to women18. According to the pinnacle of Statistical Information of Lithuanian Labour Exchange, R. Babianskiene, though women’s schooling is far greater than men’s within the country, far more women agree to take decrease positions or decrease-paid jobs. 80 % women have a job of a lower qualification, and women in the framework of the government comprise 3-6 %.
In the Thirties the ladies’s issue in the labour market became much more acute. The authorities tried to resolve the issue of rising unemployment by passing a regulation that required to dismiss a person whose spouse was earning extra.
In 1927, he released the third Seimas and initiated politics that was meant « to bring lady back to the family » and stop their political activity at any stage. Moreover, further makes an attempt had been made to restrict women’s participation in the labour market.
In 1929, when the worldwide economic crisis began, the government solved social points such as unemployment disregarding the articles of the Constitution of 1928 which assured gender equity. In its program, the association listed a number of goals and ways to succeed in them. It also sought to include a dialogue of Lithuanian points at school curriculum.
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Men who’ve discriminatory attitudes to women comprise the bulk in our nation. On the opposite hand, more and more women openly communicate that they have a goal to climb profession ladder, earn nicely and never solely convey up youngsters, care in regards to the family and be satisfied with jobs that are entrusted to them by men. Women’s expulsion from the labour market on the end of the Thirties was related to an advanced financial state of affairs in Lithuania. At that time urbanization of the nation was inconsiderable and agriculture, which didn’t require many certified employees, was prevailing.